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|Title:||Characterization by saturation studies of the in vivo binding of [3H]flunitrazepam in mouse brain|
In vivo binding
|Citation:||Wong, P.T.-H. (1991). Characterization by saturation studies of the in vivo binding of [3H]flunitrazepam in mouse brain. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 69 (2) : 176-180. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||The in vivo binding of [3H]flunitrazepam ([3H]Fln) was characterized in seven regions of the mouse brain. The binding showed saturability and linear Scatchard plots. Hill coefficients were close to unity. Data fitting to a hyperbola by least squares yielded consistent K(d) values for all regions studied (0.36-0.6 pmol/mg protein). B(max) values ranged from 0.14 to 0.89 pmol/mg protein, a sixfold regional variation. The order of binding is as follows: cortex > hippocampus > midbrain = thalamus/hypothalamus > striatum ≥ cerebellum > brainstem, consistent with that obtained by in vitro binding. The in vivo receptor density and affinity are apparently lower in comparison with in vitro parameters. This is consistent with the observation that the K(d) increases and B(max) decreases in vitro when the incubation temperature is increased from 0°C. Nonspecific binding has been estimated by displacement of in vivo binding by unlabelled ligand in vitro as well as by pretreatment with unlabelled ligand. The two alternative methods were compared and evaluated. It is concluded that the displacement method provides more reliable estimates of the nonspecific binding. Diazepam-sensitive mice did not differ from the control mice in the in vivo [3H]Fln binding. However, mice pretreated with diazepam 1 or 2 days before have binding reduced by 70 or 30%, respectively. The reduced binding may be explained by receptor occupancy by residual oxazepam. However, the low concentration of the residual oxazepam is an unlikely cause of the phenomenon of ''acute tolerance'' observed in these mice.|
|Source Title:||Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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