Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/107973
Title: Effects of bupivacaine and its isomers on guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle
Authors: Lee, T.-L. 
Adaikan, P.G.
Lau, L.-C.
Ratnam, S.S.
Dambisya, Y.M. 
Keywords: airway epithelium
bupivacaine
isomers
local anesthetics
tracheal smooth muscle
Issue Date: 1997
Source: Lee, T.-L.,Adaikan, P.G.,Lau, L.-C.,Ratnam, S.S.,Dambisya, Y.M. (1997). Effects of bupivacaine and its isomers on guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle. Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology 19 (1) : 27-33. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The effects of racemic bupivacaine and its (-)-(S)- and (+)-(R)-isomers on guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle tension were studied in vitro. Racemic bupivacaine had a dual action with contraction at low concentrations (6.9-55 x 10 -6 M) and relaxation at high concentrations (1.1-18 x 10 -4 M). (-)-(S)-Bupivacaine had dual action comparable to that of racemic bupivacaine, while (+)-(R)-bupivacaine had only weak contractile effects with more marked relaxant effects. The contractile effects of bupivacaine were abolished in Ca 2+-free medium and by verapamil, while the relaxant effects were not influenced by verapamil or Ca 2+-free medium. The (-)-(S)-isomer is responsible for the contractile effects of racemic bupivacaine, whereas both (-)-(S)- and (+)-(R)-isomers contribute to its relaxant effects. In preparations denuded of epithelium, the (maximal) responses were attenuated to 86% of maximum contraction and 48% of maximum relaxation, suggesting that the epithelium plays a larger role in relaxant than in contractile responses to bupivacaine. It is concluded that bupivacaine has a dual action on guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle with epithelium-independent, Ca 2+-dependent contraction at low concentrations and epithelium-dependent, Ca 2+-independent relaxation at higher concentrations.
Source Title: Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/107973
ISSN: 03790355
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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