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Title: Quantification of α- And β-amyrin in rat plasma by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: Application to preclinical pharmacokinetic study
Authors: Ching, J.
Lin, H.-S. 
Tan, C.-H.
Koh, H.-L. 
Keywords: α-amyrin
absolute oral bioavailability
Issue Date: May-2011
Source: Ching, J., Lin, H.-S., Tan, C.-H., Koh, H.-L. (2011-05). Quantification of α- And β-amyrin in rat plasma by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: Application to preclinical pharmacokinetic study. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 46 (5) : 457-464. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: α- and β-Amyrins are naturally occurring triterpenes with a wide range of biological activities. In this study, a reliable GC-MS method was developed and validated for the quantification of α- and β-amyrins in rat plasma. The calibration curves were linear (R2 > 0.996) with a limit of quantification of 1.0 ng ml-1 for both α- and β-amyrins. The precision and repeatability of this method was good as the relative standard deviation were 12% or less. The absolute recovery ranged from 71% to 89%, while the analytical recovery ranged from 95% to 99%. The pharmacokinetic profiles of α- and β-amyrins in rats were subsequently investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats. β-Amyrin was administered intravenously and also orally in two forms, namely, as a suspension of the pure compound and the crude plant extract. α-Amyrin was administered orally as a suspension of the crude plant extract. β-Amyrin had a very long terminal elimination half-life (t1/2Îz = 610 ± 179 min) and extremely slow clearance (Cl = 2.04 ± 0.24 ml min-1 kg -1). The absolute oral bioavailability of β-amyrin in the crude plant extract was about fourfold higher than that in the suspension of pure form (3.83% vs 0.86%). When given in crude plant extract, both α- and β-amyrins had a similar dose normalized Cmax. This reliable GC-MS method will enable further pharmacokinetic investigations of α- and β-amyrins. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of Mass Spectrometry
ISSN: 10765174
DOI: 10.1002/jms.1912
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