Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3150/07-BEJ5073
Title: Limiting distributions of the non-central t-statistic and their applications to the power of t-tests under non-normality
Authors: Bentkus, V.
Jing, B.-Y.
Shao, Q.-M.
Zhou, W. 
Keywords: Domain of attraction
Limit theorems
Non-central t-statistic
Power of t-test
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Bentkus, V., Jing, B.-Y., Shao, Q.-M., Zhou, W. (2007). Limiting distributions of the non-central t-statistic and their applications to the power of t-tests under non-normality. Bernoulli 13 (2) : 346-364. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3150/07-BEJ5073
Abstract: Let X1, X2,... be a sequence of independent and identically distributed random variables. Let X be an independent copy of X1. Define Tn = √nX/S, where X and S2 are the sample mean and the sample variance, respectively. We refer to Tn as the central or non-central (Student's) t-statistic, depending on whether EX = 0 or EX ≠ 0, respectively. The non-central t-statistic arises naturally in the calculation of powers for t-tests. The central t-statistic has been well studied, while there is a very limited literature on the non-central t-statistic. In this paper, we attempt to narrow this gap by studying the limiting behaviour of the non-central t-statistic, which turns out to be quite complicated. For instance, it is well known that, under finite second-moment conditions, the limiting distributions for the central t-statistic are normal while those for the non-central t-statistic can be non-normal and can critically depend on whether or not EX4 = ∞. As an application, we study the effect of non-normality on the performance of the t-test. © 2007 ISI/BS.
Source Title: Bernoulli
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/105198
ISSN: 13507265
DOI: 10.3150/07-BEJ5073
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