Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(00)00338-1
Title: Cerium and lanthanum promote floral initiation and reproductive growth of Arabidopsis thaliana
Authors: He, Y.-W.
Loh, C.-S. 
Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana
Cerium
Cytokinin
Flowering
Lanthanum
Issue Date: 8-Oct-2000
Citation: He, Y.-W., Loh, C.-S. (2000-10-08). Cerium and lanthanum promote floral initiation and reproductive growth of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Science 159 (1) : 117-124. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(00)00338-1
Abstract: The effects of cerium and lanthanum on the vegetative growth, floral initiation and reproductive growth of Arabidopsis thaliana were studied. Addition of cerium nitrate (0.5-10 μM) or lanthanum nitrate (0.5-50 μM) to the culture medium significantly increased the lengths of primary roots, but had no significant effects on the number of rosette leaves produced per plant, plant heights and dry weights during the vegetative growth stage (17 days after seed germination). The percentage of plants bolted was significantly increased with the addition of 0.5-10.0 μM cerium nitrate or lanthanum nitrate. The combination of 0.5 μM cerium nitrate and 0.5 μM lanthanum nitrate was found to be most effective on the induction of floral initiation. The height, dry weight and average number of flower numbers of 35-day-old plants growing in media containing cerium nitrate or/and lanthanum nitrate (0.5-10.0 μM) were found to be significantly higher than those in the control medium. The endogenous levels of cytokinins (zeatin riboside, dihydrozeatin riboside and isopentenyl adenosine) and carbohydrates (sucrose, glucose and fructose) in leaf and root tissues of plants growing in the medium supplemented with 0.5 μM cerium nitrate and 0.5 μM lanthanum nitrate were not significantly different from those of plants in the control medium. Application of 0.5 μM cerium nitrate and 0.5 μM lanthanum nitrate enhanced the effects of 10-6 M IPA on root growth, plant height and flowering. The role of cerium and lanthanum in promoting floral initiation and reproductive growth and the possibility of developing non-hormonal flowering promoting agents are discussed. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
Source Title: Plant Science
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/100225
ISSN: 01689452
DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9452(00)00338-1
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