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|Title:||Active ammonia excretion in the giant mudskipper, Periophthalmodon schlosseri (Pallas), during emersion|
|Citation:||Chew, S.F., Sim, M.Y., Phua, Z.C., Wong, W.P., Ip, Y.K. (2007-06-01). Active ammonia excretion in the giant mudskipper, Periophthalmodon schlosseri (Pallas), during emersion. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 307 (6) : 357-369. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1002/jez.385|
|Abstract:||The main objective of this study was to determine whether active NH 4 + excretion occurred in the giant mudskipper, Periophthalmodon schlosseri, during emersion. Our results demonstrated that continual ammonia excretion in P. schlosseri during 24 hr of emersion resulted in high concentrations (∼30 mmol l-1) of ammonia in fluid collected from the branchial surface. For fish injected intraperitoneally with 8 μmol g-1 ammonium acetate (CH3COONH4) followed by 24 hr of emersion, the cumulative ammonia excreted was significantly greater than that of the control injected with sodium acetate. More importantly, the ammonia excretion rate at hour 2 in fish injected with CH 3COONH4 followed by emersion was greater than that in fish immersed in water as reported elsewhere, with the greatest change in the ammonia excretion rate occurring at hour 2. Assuming that the rate of endogenous ammonia production remained unchanged, 33% of the exogenous ammonia was excreted through the head region, presumably through the gills, during the first 6 hr of emersion. Indeed, at hour 6, the ammonia concentration in the branchial fluid increased to an extraordinarily high concentration of > 90 mmol l -1. Therefore, our results confirm for the first time that P. schlosseri can effectively excrete a high load of ammonia on land, and corroborate the proposition that active NH4 + excretion through its gills contributes in part to its high tolerance of aerial exposure. Only 4.6% of the exogenous ammonia was detoxified to urea. The glutamate contents in the muscle and liver also increased significantly, but the glutamine contents remained unchanged. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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