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Title: Normal and inverse magnetocaloric effects in ferromagnetic Sm 0.6-xLaxSr0.4MnO3
Authors: Naik, V.B.
Mahendiran, R. 
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2011
Citation: Naik, V.B., Mahendiran, R. (2011-09-01). Normal and inverse magnetocaloric effects in ferromagnetic Sm 0.6-xLaxSr0.4MnO3. Journal of Applied Physics 110 (5) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We report magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of Sm 0.6-xLaxSr0.4MnO3 (x = 0-0.6). A rapid increase around T* ≪ TC and an anomalous peak at a temperature T TC occur in magnetization, which lead to normal and inverse magnetocaloric effects (MCE), respectively. While T C increases with increasing x (TC = 118 K for x = 0 and TC 363 K for x = 0.6), T* increases from 30 K (x = 0) to 120 K (x = 0.4) and then decreases to 105 K (x = 0.5). The ΔS m is negative around TC and it decreases from ΔSm = -6.2 Jkg-1K-1 for x = 0 to -4.2 Jkg-1K-1 for x = 0.6 for ΔH = 5 T. The inverse MCE occurs below T* and shows a maximum value of ΔS m = +1.07 Jkg-1K-1 at T = 10 K for ΔH = 5 T at x = 0.4. This composition also shows a significant normal MCE (ΔSm = -4 Jkg-1K-1) around TC = 320 K, along with a high refrigeration capacity of 214 Jkg-1, which makes it an interesting compound for room temperature magnetic refrigeration. The inverse MCE has been suggested to be caused by the antiferromagnetic coupling between Sm 4f and Mn 3d moments. The coexistence of normal and inverse MCEs in a single material is interesting because the sample can be cooled by adiabatic magnetization and demagnetization in different temperature regions, which will enhance the refrigeration capacity. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.3631074
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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