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Title: X-ray absorption spectroscopy and energy storage of Ni-doped cobalt nitride, (Ni0.33Co0.67)N, prepared by a simple synthesis route
Authors: Das, B.
Reddy, M.V. 
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2013
Citation: Das, B., Reddy, M.V., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2013-03-07). X-ray absorption spectroscopy and energy storage of Ni-doped cobalt nitride, (Ni0.33Co0.67)N, prepared by a simple synthesis route. Nanoscale 5 (5) : 1961-1966. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Metal nitride (Ni0.33Co0.67)N nanoparticles are prepared by nitridation using NiCo2O4 as a precursor material by heating at 335 °C for 2 h in flowing NH3 + N 2 gas and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), high resolution-transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), along with selective area electron diffraction (SAED) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) techniques. The X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) at the Co K-edge showed that the oxidation state of cobalt is close to 3+. The (Ni0.33Co0.67)N showed a shift in edge energy towards lower values due to Ni-doping to cobalt site. The Li-storage behaviour of (Ni0.33Co0.67)N nanoparticles was evaluated by galvanostatic cycling and cyclic voltammetry in the cells with Li-metal as counter electrode in the voltage range of 0.005-3.0 V at ambient temperature. When cycled at 250 mA g-1, the first-cycle reversible capacity of 700 (±5) mA h g-1 (∼1.9 moles of Li) is obtained. It showed an initial decrease in capacity until the 10th cycle and a stable capacity of 400 (±5) mA h g-1 (∼1.09 moles of Li) is observed at the end of the 50th cycle. Excellent rate capability is also shown when cycling at 500 mA g-1 (up to 50 cycles). The materials showed excellent Li-ion insertion/extraction, with the coulombic efficiency reaching almost 99% in the range of 10-50 cycles. The average charge and discharge potentials are ∼2.03 and ∼1.0 V, respectively for the decomposition/formation of Li3N as determined by electroanalytical techniques. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: Nanoscale
ISSN: 20403364
DOI: 10.1039/c2nr33675h
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