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Title: Tunable spin reorientation transition and magnetocaloric effect in Sm 0.7-xLaxSr0.3MnO3 series
Authors: Aparnadevi, M.
Mahendiran, R. 
Issue Date: 7-Jan-2013
Citation: Aparnadevi, M., Mahendiran, R. (2013-01-07). Tunable spin reorientation transition and magnetocaloric effect in Sm 0.7-xLaxSr0.3MnO3 series. Journal of Applied Physics 113 (1) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We report electrical resistivity, magnetic, and magnetocaloric properties in Sm0.7-xLaxSr0.3MnO3 series for x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.65, and 0.7. All the compounds show second order paramagnetic to ferromagnetic (FM) transition at T = Tc , which is tunable anywhere between 83 K and 373 K with a proper choice of the doping level (x). The insulating ferromagnet x = 0 transforms to a ferromagnetic metal below Tc for x = 0.1, and the insulator-metal transition temperature shifts up with increasing x. The magnetization (M) exhibits an interesting behavior as a function of temperature and doping level. The field-cooled M(T) of all but x = 0.7 compounds show a cusp at a temperature T* much below Tc. While the Tc increases monotonically with increasing x, T* increases gradually, attains a maximum value (T* = 137 K) for x = 0.6 and decreases rapidly thereafter. It is suggested that the decrease of M(T) below T* is due to ferrimagnetic interaction between Sm(4f) and Mn(3d) sublattices that promotes spin-reorientation transition of the Mn-sublattice. The observed anomalous feature in M(T) does not have impact on the dc resistivity. Magnetic entropy change (ΔSm) was estimated from magnetization isotherms. The sign of ΔSm is found to change from negative above T* to positive below T* indicating the coexistence of normal and inverse magnetocaloric effects. ΔSm is nearly composition independent (-ΔSm = 1.2 ± 0.2 J/Kg K for μ0ΔH = 1 Tesla) and refrigeration capacity lies between 40 and 50 J/kg K for 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.6. We show scaling of magnetic entropy change under different magnetic fields and analysis of critical exponents associated with the phase transition in x = 0.6 compound. The tunability of Curie temperature with nearly constant ΔSm value along with high refrigeration capacity makes this series of compounds interesting for magnetic refrigeration over a wide temperature range. © 2013 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.4773337
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