Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/97373
Title: Nuclear microscopic investigations into the elemental changes in the substantia nigra of unilaterally MPTP-lesioned parkinsonian monkeys
Authors: Thong, P.S.P. 
He, Y.
Lee, T.
Watt, F. 
Issue Date: Jul-1997
Citation: Thong, P.S.P.,He, Y.,Lee, T.,Watt, F. (1997-07). Nuclear microscopic investigations into the elemental changes in the substantia nigra of unilaterally MPTP-lesioned parkinsonian monkeys. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 130 (1-4) : 460-465. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Various transition metals, particularly iron, have been implicated in the aetiology of the neurodegenerative disease, Parkinson's disease, in which there is a characteristic loss of cells in the substantia nigra (SN) region of the brain. In this study, monkeys were unilaterally lesioned with the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-pyridine (MPTP) to obtain primate models of parkinsonism, with the non-lesioned side of the brain serving as controls. The monkeys were sacrificed at one day, one week, two weeks, one month and one year after lesioning to investigate the time dependent elemental changes in the parkinsonian SN. Sections of the brain encompassing both the lesioned and non-lesioned SNs were analysed using the National University of Singapore nuclear microscope. Adjacent sections were tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunohistochemically stained to provide complementary information on dopaminergic cell loss and to facilitate definition of the SN boundaries during data analysis. In one-day and one-week monkeys (representing early stages of the disease), there were no changes in elemental concentrations within experimental errors and the adjacent TH-stained sections did not show apparent cell loss in the SN. At two weeks, cell loss was seen in the lesioned SN compared to the control SN. Although there was no bulk increase in SN iron, localised accumulation of iron in granules containing up to 15% by weight iron was observed in the lesioned SN of one of the two-week monkeys. An average 15% increase in nigral iron, significant at the 90% confidence level (p < 0.1), was seen in the one-month monkeys. TH-stained sections for the one-month monkeys showed cell loss in the lesioned SN. In one-year samples (representing the advanced stage of the disease) there was a significant (p < 0.05) 56% increase in iron, 14% increase in phosphorous and a 20% decrease in copper. Here an almost complete loss of cells in the lesioned SN was apparent from the adjacent TH-stained sections. These preliminary results suggest that while bulk increase in iron may seem to follow cell death, localised accumulation of SN iron in the early stages of the disease may play an important role in initiating and/or accelerating nigral cell death. © 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
Source Title: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/97373
ISSN: 0168583X
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