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Title: Nanophase ZnCo2O4 as a high performance anode material for Li-ion batteries
Authors: Sharma, Y.
Sharma, N. 
Subba Rao, G.V. 
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2007
Citation: Sharma, Y., Sharma, N., Subba Rao, G.V., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2007-10-15). Nanophase ZnCo2O4 as a high performance anode material for Li-ion batteries. Advanced Functional Materials 17 (15) : 2855-2861. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: ZnCo2O4 has been synthesized by the low-temperature and cost-effective urea combustion method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), HR-TEM and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) studies confirmed its formation in pure and nano-phase form with particle size ∼15-20 nm. Galvanostatic cycling of nano-ZnCo2O4 in the voltage range 0.005-3.0 V versus Li at 60 mA g-1 gave reversible capacities of 900 and 960 mA hg -1, when cycled at 25°C and 55°C, respectively. These values correspond to ∼8.3 and ∼ 8.8 mol of recyclable Li per mole of ZnCo 2O4. Almost stable cycling performance was exhibited in the range 5-60 cycles at 60 mA g-1 and at 25°C with ∼ 98 % coulombic efficiency. A similar cycling stability at 55°C, and good rate-capability both at 25 and 55°C were found. The average discharge- and charge-potentials were ∼1.2 V and ∼1.9 V, respectively. The ex-situ-XRD, -HRTEM, -SAED and galvanostatic cycling data are consistent with a reaction mechanism for Li-recyclability involving both de-alloying-alloying of Zn and displacement reactions, viz., LiZn ↔ Zn ↔ ZnO and Co ↔ CoO ↔ Co3O4. For the first time we have shown that both Zn- and Co-ions act as mutual beneficial matrices and reversible capacity contribution of Zn through both alloy formation and displacement reaction takes place to yield stable and high capacities. Thus, nano-ZnCo2O4 ranks among the best oxide materials with regard to Li-recyclability. © 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
Source Title: Advanced Functional Materials
ISSN: 1616301X
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200600997
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