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Title: Molten salt synthesis and its electrochemical characterization of Co 3O4 for lithium batteries
Authors: Reddy, M.V. 
Beichen, Z.
Nicholette, L.J.
Kaimeng, Z.
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Reddy, M.V., Beichen, Z., Nicholette, L.J., Kaimeng, Z., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2011). Molten salt synthesis and its electrochemical characterization of Co 3O4 for lithium batteries. Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 14 (5) : A79-A82. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Co3O4 powders are prepared by one molten salt synthesis at 280°C in air using 0.88 M LiNO3:0.12 M LiCl eutectic melt. They are characterized by x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, density and surface area methods. The electrochemical properties were evaluated using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic cycling, in the cycling range, 0.005-3.0 V at room temperature. In this article, we studied the effect of different Co-salts on morphology and electrochemical properties. The observed reversible capacities (at a current rate of 60 mA g-1, at 40th cycle) of Co3O4 prepared by using Co-sulphate for 3 h; 15 h, Co-hydroxide and Co-acetate salts are 786; 707, 1080 and 916 (±5) mAh g-1, respectively. At a current of 600 mA g -1, it deliver a reversible capacity of 710 (±5) mAh g -1 (prepared using Co-hydroxide source), at the end of 50th cycle. © 2011 The Electrochemical Society. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters
ISSN: 10990062
DOI: 10.1149/1.3556984
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