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Title: Kinetic analysis of protein crystal nucleation in gel matrix
Authors: Wang, L. 
Liu, X.-Y. 
Issue Date: 15-Dec-2008
Citation: Wang, L., Liu, X.-Y. (2008-12-15). Kinetic analysis of protein crystal nucleation in gel matrix. Biophysical Journal 95 (12) : 5931-5940. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The effect of agarose on nucleation of hen egg white lysozyme crystal was examined quantitatively using a temperature-jumping technique. For the first time, to our knowledge, the inhibition of agarose during the nucleation of lysozyme was quantified in two respects: a), the effect of increasing interfacial nucleation barrier, described by the so-called interfacial correlation parameter f(m); and b), the ratio of diffusion to interfacial kinetics obtained from dynamic surface tension measurements. It follows from a dynamic surface tension analysis that the agarose network inhibits the nucleation of lysozyme by means of an enhancement of the repulsion and interfacial structure mismatch between foreign bodies and lysozyme crystals, slowing down the diffusion process of the protein molecules and clusters toward the crystal-fluid interface and inhibiting the rearrangement of protein molecules at the interface. Our results, based on ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, also show no evidence of the supersaturation enhancement effect in protein agarose gels. The effects of nucleation suppression and transport limitation in gels result in bigger, fewer, and perhaps better quality protein crystals. The understandings obtained in this study will improve our knowledge in controlling the crystallization of proteins and other biomolecules. © 2008 by the Biophysical Society.
Source Title: Biophysical Journal
ISSN: 00063495
DOI: 10.1529/biophysj.108.135574
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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