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Title: High-performance LiCoO2 by molten salt (LiNO3:LiCl) synthesis for Li-ion batteries
Authors: Tan, K.S.
Reddy, M.V. 
Rao, G.V.S.
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Keywords: Capacity fading
Cathode material
Li-ion batteries
Molten salt synthesis
Structural transition
Issue Date: 9-Sep-2005
Citation: Tan, K.S., Reddy, M.V., Rao, G.V.S., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2005-09-09). High-performance LiCoO2 by molten salt (LiNO3:LiCl) synthesis for Li-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources 147 (1-2) : 241-248. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In an effort to increase and sustain the reversible capacity of LiCoO 2 on cycling, LiCoO2 is prepared by using the molten-salt of the eutectic LiNO3-LiCl at temperatures 650-850 °C with or without KOH as an oxidizing flux. The compounds are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), chemical analysis, surface area and density techniques. Cathodic behaviour was examined by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and charge-discharge cycling. The 850 °C-synthesized LiCoO2, which has excess lithium incorporated in to it, shows a reversible capacity, with ∼98% coulombic efficiency, of 167 (±2) mAh g-1 at a specific current of 30 mAg-1 in the range 2.5-4.4 V up to 80 cycles with no capacity-fading. When cycled to a higher cut-off voltage (4.5 V), a capacity of 192 (±2) mAh g-1 versus Li is obtained at the fifth cycle, but capacity-fading is observed, viz., ∼ 6% after 60 cycles. On the basis of the CV and capacity-voltage profiles, this is attributed to the non-suppression of the hexagonal (H1) ↔ (H1-3) structural transition. A similar capacity-fading, i.e., ∼5-6%, during 5-40 cycles, is also observed in the LiCoO2 prepared at 650 and 750 °C when cycled up to only 4.3 V and this is ascribed to the non-suppression of the H1 ↔ M ↔ H1 phase transitions (M = monoclinic). © Published by Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Power Sources
ISSN: 03787753
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.01.019
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