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Title: Gas-phase aggregation of fullerenes by laser ablation of fullerenes in reactive and nonreactive matrices
Authors: Zhu, L. 
Ong, P.P. 
Zhao, L.
Zhang, R.J.
Li, Y.F.
Issue Date: 1998
Citation: Zhu, L.,Ong, P.P.,Zhao, L.,Zhang, R.J.,Li, Y.F. (1998). Gas-phase aggregation of fullerenes by laser ablation of fullerenes in reactive and nonreactive matrices. Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 66 (1) : 99-103. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We report an experimental study of the fragmentation/aggregation and coalescence of fullerenes incorporated in two different aerogel matrices, one of which was found to be reactively bonded to the silica network and the other was not. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy the reactive fullerene-aerogel composite was found to possess additional chemical bonds attributed to the hydroxyl or silicon carbide bonds between fullerene and the host matrix. Under time-of-flight (TOF) laser desorption mass spectrometry the reactive composite exhibited fullerene coalescence of up to five C60 molecules, whereas little or no coalescence was found in the nonreactive mixture. In the negative ion TOF channel the maximum peak of twice C60 coalescence by laser desorption was always located at masses greater than 120 carbon mass units, which is different from all previous reports. We suggest that the formation mechanism was due to strong interactions between the C60 molecules and silica particles or surface species such as the H or OH group existing in the matrix. © Springer-Verlag 1998.
Source Title: Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
ISSN: 09462171
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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