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Title: Enhancement of third-order optical nonlinearities in 3-dimensional films of dielectric shell capped Au composite nanoparticles
Authors: Yang, Y.
Nogami, M.
Shi, J.
Chen, H.
Ma, G. 
Tang, S. 
Issue Date: 24-Mar-2005
Citation: Yang, Y., Nogami, M., Shi, J., Chen, H., Ma, G., Tang, S. (2005-03-24). Enhancement of third-order optical nonlinearities in 3-dimensional films of dielectric shell capped Au composite nanoparticles. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 109 (11) : 4865-4871. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The composite nanoparticles of Au-core capped by CdS shells of different thickness were prepared and assembled into densely packed 3-dimensional films by the layer-by-layer self-assembly (LBL) technique. These films exhibited the 3-dimensional structure of densely packed Au@CdS composite nanoparticles and the shell thickness was tunable by changing the concentration of Cd 2+-thiourea complexes. These multilayer films exhibited enhanced third-order optical nonlinear responses and ultrafast response times (several picoseconds). The third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of the film with the CdS shell thickness of 4.4 nm was estimated to be 1.48 × 10 -9 esu and the value decreases with the increase of the CdS shell thickness. The enhancement of the optical nonlinearity was explained based on the calculation according to the electrostatic approximation by the solution of Laplace's equation under the boundary conditions appropriate to the model of core - shell nanoparticles, and mainly attributed to localized electric field effects in the CdS shell region. Additionally, the nonlinearity was optimized by determination of the values of the dielectric constant and thickness of the different shell. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
ISSN: 15206106
DOI: 10.1021/jp045854a
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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