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Title: Electrically directed on-chip reversible patterning of two-dimensional tunable colloidal structures
Authors: Xie, R. 
Liu, X.-Y. 
Issue Date: 11-Mar-2008
Citation: Xie, R., Liu, X.-Y. (2008-03-11). Electrically directed on-chip reversible patterning of two-dimensional tunable colloidal structures. Advanced Functional Materials 18 (5) : 802-809. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this work, we report a versatile approach to two-dimensional colloidal patterning based on the lateral assembly of colloidal particles by an alternating electric field (AEF). Under the AEF, the lithographically templated electrodes provide an effective way to reversibly and rapidly assemble colloidal particle into some desirable patterns, By controlling the AEF and the electrode pattern geometry, various collodial patterns with tunable lattice spacing and even with binary lattice spacing have been formed. Particularly, we demonstrate that well-defined linear defects can be embedded inside the collodial crystals, whereas the unwanted existing defects can be controllably relaxed by this patterning process. This novel patterning technique is amenable to both large scale on-chip patterning and micro-structural control with single-particle resolution on a time scale of seconds. Furthermore, it introduces a new calss of collodial structures with the properties that can be finely tuned, reversibly switched, or permanently fixed, opening a new way for the engineering of novel materials and devices at micro levels. © 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
Source Title: Advanced Functional Materials
ISSN: 1616301X
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200700760
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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