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Title: EIS and GITT studies on oxide cathodes, O2-Li(2/3)+x(Co0.15Mn0.85)O2 (x = 0 and 1/3)
Authors: Shaju, K.M. 
Subba Rao, G.V. 
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Keywords: Cathode material
Layered O2 structure
Li ion kinetics
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2003
Citation: Shaju, K.M., Subba Rao, G.V., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2003-08-01). EIS and GITT studies on oxide cathodes, O2-Li(2/3)+x(Co0.15Mn0.85)O2 (x = 0 and 1/3). Electrochimica Acta 48 (18) : 2691-2703. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Li ion kinetics in the O2-phase layered manganese oxides, Li2/3(Co0.15Mn0.85)O2 (O2(Li)) and Li(2/3)+x(Co0.15Mn0.85)O2 (x=1/3 (O2(Li+x))), has been studied by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) at room temperature and the results were correlated with the observed cathodic behaviour. Both compounds show a reversible capacity of ∼ 180 mA h/g at low current density (∼ 5 mA/g). EIS studies as a function of cycle number show an increased contribution of resistance associated with surface film formation and bulk contribution which is in agreement with the increased capacity fading observed in O2(Li+x) after 10-15 cycles. The Li ion diffusion coefficient (DLi) vs voltage plots show minima during the first charge cycle coinciding with the irreversible plateau of the voltage vs capacity profiles reflecting the irreversible phase change in both the compounds. The values of DLi (GITT method) observed for the second and subsequent cycles (≤6) in the full voltage range (3.0-4.4 V) are 2×10-11-10×10-11 cm2/s for O2(Li+x) and 0.5×10-10-3.0×10-10 cm2/s for O2(Li). Variation of DLi as a function of cycle number (up to 35) indicates that, in addition to the interface kinetics, changes in the DLi values with cycling also contribute to the capacity fading of the compounds, especially in O2(Li+x). © 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Electrochimica Acta
ISSN: 00134686
DOI: 10.1016/S0013-4686(03)00317-7
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