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Title: Effects of post-thermal annealing temperature on the optical and structural properties of gold particles on silicon suboxide films
Authors: Chan, K.
Aspanut, Z.
Goh, B.
Sow, C. 
Varghese, B. 
Rahman, S.A.
Muhamad, M.R.
Keywords: Gold particle
Post-thermal annealing
Silicon suboxide
Surface plasmon resonance
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2011
Citation: Chan, K., Aspanut, Z., Goh, B., Sow, C., Varghese, B., Rahman, S.A., Muhamad, M.R. (2011-01-01). Effects of post-thermal annealing temperature on the optical and structural properties of gold particles on silicon suboxide films. Applied Surface Science 257 (6) : 2208-2213. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this work, silicon suboxide (SiOx) thin films were deposited using a RF magnetron sputtering system. A thin layer of gold (Au) with a thickness of about 10 nm was sputtered onto the surface of the deposited SiOx films prior to the thermal annealing process at 400 °C, 600 °C, 800 °C and 1000 °C. The optical and structural properties of the samples were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and optical transmission and reflection spectroscopy. SEM analyses demonstrated that the samples annealed at different temperatures produced different Au particle sizes and shapes. SiOx nanowires were found in the sample annealed at 1000 °C. Au particles induce the crystallinity of SiOx thin films in the post-thermal annealing process at different temperatures. These annealed samples produced silicon nanocrystallites with sizes of less than 4 nm, and the Au nanocrystallite sizes were in the range of 7-23 nm. With increased annealing temperature, the bond angle of the Si-O bond increased and the optical energy gap of the thin films decreased. The appearance of broad surface plasmon resonance absorption peaks in the region of 590-740 nm was observed due to the inclusion of Au particles in the samples. The results show that the position and intensity of the surface plasmon resonance peaks can be greatly influenced by the size, shape and distribution of Au particles. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Applied Surface Science
ISSN: 01694332
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.09.074
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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