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Title: Effect of impurity doping at the Mn-site on magnetocaloric effect in Pr0.6 Ca0.4 Mn0.96 B0.04 O 3 (B=Al, Fe, Cr, Ni, Co, and Ru)
Authors: Kumar, V.S.
Mahendiran, R. 
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2011
Citation: Kumar, V.S., Mahendiran, R. (2011-01-15). Effect of impurity doping at the Mn-site on magnetocaloric effect in Pr0.6 Ca0.4 Mn0.96 B0.04 O 3 (B=Al, Fe, Cr, Ni, Co, and Ru). Journal of Applied Physics 109 (2) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We report the effect of impurity doping at the Mn-site on magnetization and magnetic entropy change (Δ Sm) in Pr0.6 Ca 0.4 Mn0.96 B0.04 O3 with B cations having different electronic and spin states [B= Al3+ (d0), Cr3+ (d3), Fe3+ (d5), Co2+ (d7), Ni2+ (d 8), and Ru4+/5+ (d4/3)]. The charge ordered antiferromagnetic insulator Pr0.6 Ca0.4 MnO3 transforms into a ferromagnetic metal in the absence of an external magnetic field (H) for B=Cr, Ni, Co, and Ru, whereas B=Fe and Al samples remain as antiferromagnetic insulators. It is found that the applied magnetic field induced an abrupt increase in the magnetization above a critical value of H (field-induced metamagnetic transition) in the paramagnetic state for B=Cr, Ni, and Co but not for B=Ru, which has the highest Curie temperature in the series (TC =205 K). The B=Co sample shows the maximum value of the magnetic entropy (-Δ Sm =7.37 J/kg K under ΔH=5 T), which is followed by -Δ Sm =6.77,6.0,5.07,5.04,2.72 J/kg K for B=Ni, Cr, Ru, Fe, and Al, respectively. We have also found a large magnetic entropy change (-Δ Sm =8.42 J/kg K under ΔH=5) by differential scanning calorimetric study in B=Co sample. The large Δ Sm values in B=Co, Cr, and Ni compared to Ru originate from the distinct field dependence of the magnetization above TC. It is suggested that both charge-orbital fluctuations and ferromagnetic polarons exist in the paramagnetic phase of B=Co, Cr, and Ni samples in the absence of a magnetic field, and the external magnetic field suppresses charge-orbital fluctuations and enhances size of ferromagnetic polarons, which leads to observed large Δ Sm values. Our study suggests that creation of charge-orbital fluctuations and ferromagnetic polarons by dilution of the Mn-site could be a simple way to enhance the magnetocaloric effect in charge ordered manganites. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Physics
ISSN: 00218979
DOI: 10.1063/1.3531987
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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