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|Title:||Colloidal phase transition driven by alternating electric field||Authors:||Liu, Y.
|Issue Date:||2006||Citation:||Liu, Y., Narayanan, J., Liu, X.-Y. (2006). Colloidal phase transition driven by alternating electric field. Journal of Chemical Physics 124 (12) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2183310||Abstract:||The transverse two-dimensional assembly of colloidal particles near an electrode surface subjected to ac polarization is studied by varying the frequency and field strength in the absence and presence of an added electrolyte. The variation of the translational and bond-orientational correlation functions with frequency suggests the existence of a hexatic phase in which the particles retain the remnants of the crystalline long-range orientational order, but has a liquidlike translational order. The electrohydrodynamic (EHD) flow is analyzed in the light of the existing theoretical models. The equilibrium distribution of particles is considered to be the resultant of the two opposing forces-Stoke's force due to EHD flow and the screened Coulomb interaction between the colloidal particles. Several features of the experimental results are discussed, such as the role played by the EHD flow in the particle aggregation, the dependence of the equilibrium interparticle separation on ionic strength, ζ potential, and particle size. © 2006 American Institute of Physics.||Source Title:||Journal of Chemical Physics||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/96015||ISSN:||00219606||DOI:||10.1063/1.2183310|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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