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Title: Liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction of aromatic amines from water samples combined with high-performance liquid chromatography
Authors: Zhu, L.
Tay, C.B.
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Amines, aromatic
Environmental analysis
Extraction methods
Liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction
Water analysis
Issue Date: 19-Jul-2002
Citation: Zhu, L., Tay, C.B., Lee, H.K. (2002-07-19). Liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction of aromatic amines from water samples combined with high-performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A 963 (1-2) : 231-237. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A simple preconcentration and clean-up liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction of aromatic amines is described in this paper. The compounds were extracted from 2.0 ml aqueous samples (donor phase) into an organic phase, layered on the donor phase, and then back extracted to a microdrop of aqueous receiving phase, suspended in the organic phase. After extraction, the microdrop was injected into the HPLC system directly for analysis. Optimal conditions of the extraction were donor phase (a1): 2 ml of water sample adjusted to pH 13 with NaOH-NaCl; organic phase (o), 150 μl ethyl acetate; and receiving phase (a2) of 2 μl aqueous solution at pH 2.1. The a1→o extraction time was 15 min and for o→a2, 30 s. 18-Crown-6 ether, which can complex with amine, was added to the aqueous receiving phase to improve the extraction performance. Enrichment factors ranged from 218 (for 4-nitroaniline) to 378 (for 4-chloro-2-aniline). The calibration curve for these anilines was linear within the range 2.5 ng/ml-2.5 μg/ml (r2=0.998). Detection limits ranged from 0.85 to 1.80 ng/ml (at S/N=3). This procedure can be a selective preconcentration method for aromatic amines present in water samples. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Chromatography A
ISSN: 00219673
DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00547-2
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