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Title: Three-dimensional selection of leptin aptamers using capillary electrophoresis and implications for clone validation
Authors: Ashley, J.
Li, S.F.Y. 
Keywords: Aptamer
Binding constant determination
Nonequilibrium capillary electrophoresis of equilibrium mixtures (NECEEM)
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2013
Citation: Ashley, J., Li, S.F.Y. (2013-03-01). Three-dimensional selection of leptin aptamers using capillary electrophoresis and implications for clone validation. Analytical Biochemistry 434 (1) : 146-152. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Capillary electrophoresis-systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (CE-SELEX) has been used as a fast and efficient way to select aptamers against protein targets and offers the advantage of separating bound DNA from unbound DNA in a free solution three-dimensional environment. CE-SELEX was used to select aptamers against human leptin protein. Two methods used to validate the aptamers' binding affinity against the target were performed and gave differing results. Nonequilibrium capillary electrophoresis of equilibrium mixtures (NECEEM) yielded KD values in the high nanomolar range, whereas the fluorescence intensity method gave KD values in the low micromolar range. These results may suggest that aptamer validation must be carried out in a similar environment to that of the selection partitioning step and the environment in which the aptamer is intended to be used. We also note that affinity binding by fluorescence intensity using microplate readers may be limited to targets that have relatively low koff rates, systematic errors may occur when aptamers are validated using two different techniques, and the immobilization of smaller targets onto plate wells can affect the binding of the DNA, giving rise to lower binding affinities. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Analytical Biochemistry
ISSN: 00032697
DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2012.11.024
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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