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Title: Preparation of supercapacitor electrodes through selection of graphene surface functionalities
Authors: Lai, L.
Yang, H.
Wang, L.
Teh, B.K.
Zhong, J.
Chou, H.
Chen, L.
Chen, W. 
Shen, Z.
Ruoff, R.S.
Lin, J.
Keywords: grapheme
supercapacitor electrodes
surface functionalities
Issue Date: 24-Jul-2012
Citation: Lai, L., Yang, H., Wang, L., Teh, B.K., Zhong, J., Chou, H., Chen, L., Chen, W., Shen, Z., Ruoff, R.S., Lin, J. (2012-07-24). Preparation of supercapacitor electrodes through selection of graphene surface functionalities. ACS Nano 6 (7) : 5941-5951. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In order to investigate the effect of graphene surface chemistry on the electrochemical performance of graphene/polyaniline composites as supercapacitor electrodes, graphene oxide (G-O), chemically reduced G-O (RG-O), nitrogen-doped RG-O (N-RG-O), and amine-modified RG-O (NH 2-RG-O) were selected as carriers and loaded with about 9 wt % of polyaniline (PANi). The surface chemistry of these materials was analyzed by FTIR, NEXAFS, and XPS, and the type of surface chemistry was found to be important for growth of PANi that influences the magnitude of increase of specific capacitance. The NH 2-RG-O/PANi composite exhibited the largest increase in capacitance with a value as high as 500 F g -1 and good cyclability with no loss of capacitance over 680 cycles, much better than that of RG-O/PANi, N-RG-O/PANi, and G-O/PANi when measured in a three-electrode system. A NH 2-RG-O/PANi//N-RG-O supercapacitor cell has a capacitance of 79 F g -1, and the corresponding specific capacitance for NH 2-RG-O/PANi is 395 F g -1. This research highlights the importance of introducing -NH 2 to RG-O to achieve highly stable cycling performance and high capacitance values. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: ACS Nano
ISSN: 19360851
DOI: 10.1021/nn3008096
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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