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Title: Microwave extraction of phthalate esters from marine sediment and soil
Authors: Chee, K.K.
Wong, M.K. 
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: marine sediment
Microwave-assisted solvent extraction
Phthalate esters
Issue Date: 1996
Citation: Chee, K.K.,Wong, M.K.,Lee, H.K. (1996). Microwave extraction of phthalate esters from marine sediment and soil. Chromatographia 42 (7-8) : 378-384. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: As part of an on-going ASEAN+)-Canada Cooperative Programme on Marine Science, microwave-assisted solvent extraction has been employed for the extraction of six phthalate esters from marine sediment and soil samples. Five of the six esters studied are among the United States Environmental Protection Agency's list of top priority pollutants. The effects of extraction solvent, extraction temperature, duration of extraction and extraction volume on the mean recoveries of the six phthalate esters were quantitatively evaluated by means of an analysis of variance, followed by testing the differences among the level means for each condition with least significant difference method. Microwave-assisted solvent extraction allowed comparable or higher recoveries of the six phthalate esters (70.1-91.0 %) in comparison with conventional soxhlet (65.5-89.5 %) and sonication (64.6-88.6 %). The precision of results by microwave-assisted solvent extraction was improved significantly compared to the conventional techniques. The microwave extraction system has many advantages over the soxhlet and sonication extraction, e.g., no laborious clean-up procedure, lower usage of hazardous organic solvent, and larger sample throughput. The technique has been employed for the analysis of native marine sediment and soil samples in Singapore.
Source Title: Chromatographia
ISSN: 00095893
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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