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Title: Ionic liquid based three-phase liquid-liquid-liquid solvent bar microextraction for the determination of phenols in seawater samples
Authors: Guo, L.
Lee, H.K. 
Keywords: Ionic liquid
Solvent bar
Three-phase liquid microextraction
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2011
Citation: Guo, L., Lee, H.K. (2011-07-15). Ionic liquid based three-phase liquid-liquid-liquid solvent bar microextraction for the determination of phenols in seawater samples. Journal of Chromatography A 1218 (28) : 4299-4306. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: For the first time, an ionic liquid based three-phase liquid-liquid-liquid solvent bar microextraction (IL-LLL-SBME) was developed for the analysis of phenols in seawater samples. The ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([BMIM][PF6]), was used as the intermediary solvent for LLL-SBME, enhancing the extraction efficiency for polar analytes. In the procedure, the analytes were extracted from the aqueous sample into the ionic liquid intermediary and finally, back-extracted into an aqueous acceptor solution in the lumen of the hollow fiber. The porous polypropylene membrane acted as a filter to prevent potential interfering materials from being extracted, and no additional cleanup was required. After extraction, the acceptor solution could be directly injected into a high-performance liquid chromatographic system for analysis. Six phenols, 2-nitrophenol, 4-chlorophenol, 2,3-dichlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol and pentachlorophenol were selected here as model compounds for developing and evaluating the method. The most influential extraction parameters were evaluated, including the ionic liquid, the composition of donor solution and acceptor solution, the extraction time and the extraction temperature, the effect of ionic strength, and the agitation speed. Under the most favorable extraction parameters, the method showed good linearity (from 0.05-50 to 0.5-50μg/L, depending on the analytes) and repeatability of extractions (RSD below 8.3%, n=5). The proposed method was compared to conventional three-phase LLL-SBME and ionic liquid supported hollow fiber protected three-phase liquid-liquid-liquid microextraction, and showed higher extraction efficiency. The proposed method was demonstrated to be a simple, fast, and efficient method for the analysis of phenols from environmental water samples. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Chromatography A
ISSN: 00219673
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2011.05.031
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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