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|Title:||New self-focusing materials: synthesis, structures and nonlinear optical properties of butterfly shaped clusters||Authors:||Shi, S.
|Issue Date:||1995||Citation:||Shi, S.,Xin, X.Q. (1995). New self-focusing materials: synthesis, structures and nonlinear optical properties of butterfly shaped clusters. Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings 374 : 151-157. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.||Abstract:||Compounds WCu2OS3(PPh3)4 (I) and MoCu2OS3(PPh3)3 (II) were synthesized by reactions of (NH4)2MO2S2 (M = W, Mo), Cu2S and PPh3 in solid state for nonlinear optical studies. A wide transparent window (λ = 400 approx. 1000 nm) was observed for both clusters, which makes them attractive for nonlinear optical (NLO) applications. NLO properties of the clusters were studied with a 7-ns pulsed laser at 532 nm. Cluster I exhibits mainly optical self-focusing (n2 = 8 × 10-18 m2 W-1, as measured with an 1.2 × 10-4 M acetonitrile solution) with negligibly small nonlinear absorption. Cluster II exhibits both optical self-focusing (n2 = 5 × 10-17 m2 W-1, as measured with a 7.4 × 10-5 M acetonitrile solution) and nonlinear absorption (α2 = 2.6 × 10-10 m W-1). The third-order NLO susceptibilities (χ(3)) of the two clusters at the above-mentioned concentrations are 2 × 10-11 esu for I and 1.2 × 10-10 esu for II respectively. These nonlinear optical properties of the clusters were compared with those of cubic cage shaped and nest shaped clusters to reveal a qualitative structure/NLO property correlation.||Source Title:||Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/91817||ISSN:||02729172|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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