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Title: The effects of spinning conditions on asymmetric 6FDA/ 6FDAM polyimide hollow fibers for air separation
Authors: Chung, T.-S. 
Kafchinski, E.R.
Keywords: 6FDA polyimide membranes
Air separation
Hollow-fiber membrane
Phase-inversion process
Issue Date: 22-Aug-1997
Citation: Chung, T.-S.,Kafchinski, E.R. (1997-08-22). The effects of spinning conditions on asymmetric 6FDA/ 6FDAM polyimide hollow fibers for air separation. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 65 (8) : 1555-1569. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We have found that the chemistries of inner and external coagulants, gelation bath temperature, and air gap distance have profound effects on 6FDA-polyimde hollow-fiber morphology and performance. This 6FDA-polyimide is made of 50 mol % 2,2′-bis(3,4′-dicarboxyphenyl) hexafluoro propane dianhydride (6FDA) and 50 mol % 2,2′-bis(3-aminophenyl) hexafluoro propane (4,4′ 6F-diamine) (6FDAM). An increase in air gap distance tends to induce three-dimensional open-cell pore formation. Raising bath temperature has a similar effect. Multilayer finger-void structure can be completely eliminated if one properly chooses a bore-fluid flow rate and a gelation bath temperature. Experimental data demonstrate that the location of the dense layer can be shifted from the inner skin to the outer skin based on the chemistry (solubility parameter ) of coagulants. The location of finger voids is also dependent on the chemistry of coagulants, and the dense layer location may shift from the inner surface to the external surface or appear in both surfaces dependent on the differences in solubility and coagulation rate. A defect-free 6FDA/6FDAM polyimide fiber with a selectivity of 4.73 and a permeance of 38.1 GPU is produced. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Polymer Science
ISSN: 00218995
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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