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Title: Surface modification of electroactive polymer films by ozone treatment
Authors: Kang, E.T. 
Neoh, K.G. 
Zhang, X. 
Tan, K.L. 
Liaw, D.J.
Issue Date: Jan-1996
Citation: Kang, E.T.,Neoh, K.G.,Zhang, X.,Tan, K.L.,Liaw, D.J. (1996-01). Surface modification of electroactive polymer films by ozone treatment. Surface and Interface Analysis 24 (1) : 51-58. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Surface modification of polypyrrole (PPY), polyaniline (PAN) and poly(3-alkylthiophene) films by ozone was studied by angle-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In the case of the N-containing polymers, oxidation occurs readily and mainly at the carbon atoms, resulting in the formation of C-O, C=O, COOH and even O-COOH (especially for PAN) species. The carbon atoms of doped PPY and PAN films are significantly more resistant to ozone oxidation, but the samples suffer some loss of the dopant in the surface region. Ozone treatment does not involve the direct oxidation of the nitrogen heteroatoms to form the-NOx species, even at high extent of carbon oxidation. In addition, a substantial decrease in the intrinsic oxidation state ([=N-]/[-NH-] ratio) was observed in the 25% deprotonated PPY (DP-PPY) base, the 50% intrinsically oxidized emeraldine (EM) base and the 75% intrinsically oxidized nigraniline (NA) base after ozone treatment and subsequent atmospheric exposure. In the case of the S-containing polymers, ozone treatment results predominantly in the oxidation of sulphur heteroatoms to give rise to the sulphone and peroxide species. The oxidized sulphur species, however, are readily reduced or consumed in a photochemical reaction.
Source Title: Surface and Interface Analysis
ISSN: 01422421
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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