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Title: Enhanced algae growth in both phototrophic and mixotrophic culture under blue light
Authors: Das, P.
Lei, W. 
Aziz, S.S.
Obbard, J.P. 
Keywords: Biodiesel
Incremental lighting
Monochromatic light
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Citation: Das, P., Lei, W., Aziz, S.S., Obbard, J.P. (2011-02). Enhanced algae growth in both phototrophic and mixotrophic culture under blue light. Bioresource Technology 102 (4) : 3883-3887. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Biomass productivity and fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) derived from intracellular lipid of a Nannochloropsis sp. isolated from Singapore's coastal waters were studied under different light wavelengths and intensities. Nannochloropsis sp., was grown in both phototrophic and mixotrophic (glycerol as the carbon source) culture conditions in three primary monochromatic light wavelengths, i.e., red, green and blue LEDs, and also in white LED. The maximum specific growth rate (μ) for LEDs was blue>white>green>red. Nannochloropsis sp. achieved a μ of 0.64 and 0.66d-1 in phototrophic and mixotrophic cultures under blue lighting, respectively. The intracellular fatty acid composition of Nannochloropsis sp. varied between cultures exposed to different wavelengths, although the absolute fatty acid content did differ significantly. Maximum FAME yield from Nannochloropsis sp. was 20.45% and 15.11% of dry biomass weight equivalent under photo- and mixotrophic culture conditions respectively for cultures exposed to green LED (550nm). However, maximum volumetric FAME yield was achieved for phototrophic and mixotrophic cultures (i.e., 55.13 and 111.96mg/l, respectively) upon cell exposure to blue LED (470nm) due to highest biomass productivity. It was calculated that incremental exposure of light intensity over the cell growth cycle saves almost 20% of the energy input relative to continuous illumination for a given light intensity. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: Bioresource Technology
ISSN: 09608524
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.11.102
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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