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Title: Guidelines for potentiometric measurements in suspensions part A. The suspension effect: IUPAC technical report
Authors: Oman, S.F.
Camões, M.F.
Powell, K.J.
Rajagopalan, R. 
Spitzer, P.
Keywords: Anomalous liquid junction potential
Boundary potential
IUPAC Analytical Chemistry Division
Mixed potential
Operational definition of suspension effect
Soil pH
Suspension effect
Suspension potentiometric cell
Issue Date: Jan-2007
Citation: Oman, S.F., Camões, M.F., Powell, K.J., Rajagopalan, R., Spitzer, P. (2007-01). Guidelines for potentiometric measurements in suspensions part A. The suspension effect: IUPAC technical report. Pure and Applied Chemistry 79 (1) : 67-79. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: An explanation of the origin and interpretation of the suspension effect (SE) is presented in accordance with "pH Measurement: IUPAC Recommendations 2002" [Pure Appl. Chem. 74, 2169 (2002)]. It is based on an analysis of detailed schemes of suspension potentiometric cells and confirmed with experimental results. Historically, the term "suspension effect" evolved during attempts to determine electrochemically the thermodynamically defined activity of H+ (aq) in suspensions. The experimental SE arises also in determining other pIon values, analogous to pH values. The SE relates to the observation that for the potential generated when a pair of electrodes (e.g., reference electrode, RE, and glass electrode) is placed in a suspensions, the measured cell voltage is different from that measured when they are both placed in the separate equilibrium solution (eqs). The SE is defined here as the sum of: (1) the difference between the mixed potential of the indicator electrode (IE) in a suspension and the IE potential placed in the separated eqs; and (2) the anomalous liquid junction potential of the RE placed in the suspension. It is not the consequence of a boundary potential between the sediment and its eqs in the suspension potentiometric cells as is stated in the current definition of the SE. © 2007 IUPAC.
Source Title: Pure and Applied Chemistry
ISSN: 00334545
DOI: 10.1351/pac200779010067
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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