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Title: Uncovering the design rules for peptide synthesis of metal nanoparticles
Authors: Tan, Y.N.
Lee, J.Y. 
Wang, D.I.C.
Issue Date: 28-Apr-2010
Citation: Tan, Y.N., Lee, J.Y., Wang, D.I.C. (2010-04-28). Uncovering the design rules for peptide synthesis of metal nanoparticles. Journal of the American Chemical Society 132 (16) : 5677-5686. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Peptides are multifunctional reagents (reducing and capping agents) that can be used for the synthesis of biocompatible metal nanoparticles under relatively mild conditions. However, the progress in peptide synthesis of metal nanoparticles has been slow due to the lack of peptide design rules. It is difficult to establish sequence-reactivity relationships from peptides isolated from biological sources (e.g., biomineralizing organisms) or selected by combinatorial display libraries because of their widely varying compositions and structures. The abundance of random and inactive amino acid sequences in the peptides also increases the difficulty in knowledge extraction. In this study, a "bottom-up" approach was used to formulate a set of rudimentary rules for the size- and shape-controlled peptide synthesis of gold nanoparticles from the properties of the 20 natural α-amino acids for AuCl4 - reduction and binding to Au0. It was discovered that the reduction capability of a peptide depends on the presence of certain reducing amino acid residues, whose activity may be regulated by neighboring residues with different Au0 binding strengths. Another finding is the effect of peptide net charge on the nucleation and growth of the Au nanoparticles. On the basis of these understandings, several multifunctional peptides were designed to synthesize gold nanoparticles in different morphologies (nanospheres and nanoplates) and with sizes tunable by the strategic placement of selected amino acid residues in the peptide sequence. The methodology presented here and the findings are useful for establishing the scientific basis for the rational design of peptides for the synthesis of metal nanostructures. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Journal of the American Chemical Society
ISSN: 00027863
DOI: 10.1021/ja907454f
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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