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Title: Transparent titania nanotubes of micrometer length prepared by anodization of titanium thin film deposited on ITO
Authors: Lim, S.L.
Liu, Y.
Li, J.
Kang, E.-T. 
Ong, C.K. 
Keywords: Anodization of titanium thin film
Indium tin oxide
RF sputtered
Transparent TiO2 nanotube arrays
Issue Date: 15-May-2011
Citation: Lim, S.L., Liu, Y., Li, J., Kang, E.-T., Ong, C.K. (2011-05-15). Transparent titania nanotubes of micrometer length prepared by anodization of titanium thin film deposited on ITO. Applied Surface Science 257 (15) : 6612-6617. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Transparent TiO2 nanotube arrays of micrometer lengths were prepared by anodization of titanium thin film RF sputtered on indium tin oxide (ITO) which was coated on glass substrate. The sputtering process took place at elevated temperature of 500 °C. The structures of the films were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) while the optical properties of the films were investigated using UV-visible spectroscopy. Two types of electrolytes were used in this work: an aqueous mixture of acetic acid and HF solution and a mixture of NH4F and water dissolved in ethylene glycol. The concentration of NH4F, voltage and the thickness of the sputtered titanium film were varied to study their effect on the formation of TiO2 nanotube arrays. It is demonstrated in this work that the nanoporous layer is formed on top of the ordered array of TiO 2 nanotubes. Furthermore, the optical transmittance of TiO 2 nanotubes annealed at 450 °C is much lower than the non annealed TiO2 nanotubes in the visible wavelength region. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Applied Surface Science
ISSN: 01694332
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.02.087
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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