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Title: Sorption Studies of Volatile Organic Compounds in a Divinyl-Terminated Poly(dimethylsiloxane)-Oligo Polymer
Authors: Zhen, H.
Jang, S.
Teo, W.K. 
Keywords: Adsorption
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2004
Citation: Zhen, H.,Jang, S.,Teo, W.K. (2004-04-15). Sorption Studies of Volatile Organic Compounds in a Divinyl-Terminated Poly(dimethylsiloxane)-Oligo Polymer. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 92 (2) : 920-927. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The Sorption equilibria and kinetics of three volatile organic compounds (VOCs) - benzene, chloroform, and acetone - in a newly developed divinyl-terminated poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS vi)-oligo polymer were studied. The PDMS vi-oligo polymer was prepared from a hexane solution consisting of PDMS vi as the polymer, oligosilylstyrene as the crosslinker, and a platinum-divinyltetramethyldisiloxane complex as the Karstedt catalyst. The sorption uptake of each VOC by the polymer was measured gravimetrically at different VOC partial pressures at a constant temperature and at different temperatures between 24 and 50°C. The rate of VOC sorption was monitored until equilibrium was established. The solubility coefficient increased when the VOC activity increased, and the results revealed that the PDMS vi-oligo polymer was a good sorbent for the three VOCs examined. Relatively high solubilities of these VOCs were obtained in this polymer in comparison with those reported for conventional silicone rubbers. The Flory-Huggins model fit the observed equilibrium sorption isotherms of the benzene and chloroform systems very well, whereas the Koningsveld-Kleinjtens variation law had to be combined with the Flory-Huggins model to describe the sorption isotherm of acetone in the polymer film. The rates of sorption of the three VOCs in the polymer samples were generally rapid and controlled by Fickian diffusion. The diffusivities of benzene, chloroform, and acetone at 24°C, determined with the diffusion equation, were approximately 10 -6 cm/s. The sorption and diffusion data revealed that the newly developed PDMS vi-oligo polymer was an excellent sorbent for the three VOCs examined. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Applied Polymer Science
ISSN: 00218995
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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