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Title: Mechanism of interactions between Hg(II) and Demeton S: An NMR study
Authors: Pehkonen, S.O. 
Judeh, Z.M.A.
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2005
Citation: Pehkonen, S.O., Judeh, Z.M.A. (2005-04-15). Mechanism of interactions between Hg(II) and Demeton S: An NMR study. Environmental Science and Technology 39 (8) : 2586-2591. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The chemical fate of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) has been proven to depend strongly on the chemistry of their aquatic environment. In particular, metal ions (and metal oxide surfaces) have been known to play an important role in the hydrolytic fate of OPs. Various postulates regarding the mechanism of metal-ion-promoted hydrolysis of OPs have been made over the years. However, direct spectroscopic evidence to pinpoint the hydrolytic products and the exact interaction between metal ions and organophosphorus pesticides are still lacking. We report herein the first in-situ study of the interaction between an aqueous solution of Hg(II) and Demeton S using 1H- and 31P NMR spectroscopy. It was found that the interactions between Hg(II), a soft Lewis acid, and Demeton S tend to be a strong function of the aqueous speciation of Hg(II), and the bonding between Hg2+ and Demeton S does not involve the central P=O bond but rather Hg2+ bonds with the two sulfur atoms in the Demeton S side chain and subsequently stabilizes the Demeton S molecule, a phenomenon not previously reported for any metal ion-OP systems studied. On the basis of this study, generalizations regarding the nature of metal ion binding even within a given class of OPs (i.e., phosphorodithioates, phosphorothioates, phosphorothiolates, etc.) should be avoided or only made with extreme caution. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: Environmental Science and Technology
ISSN: 0013936X
DOI: 10.1021/es0486869
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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