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Title: Control of ordered structure and morphology of large-pore periodic mesoporous organosilicas by inorganic salt
Authors: Qiao, S.Z.
Yu, C.Z.
Hu, Q.H.
Jin, Y.G.
Zhou, X.F.
Zhao, X.S. 
Lu, G.Q.
Keywords: Block polymer
Periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO)
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2006
Citation: Qiao, S.Z., Yu, C.Z., Hu, Q.H., Jin, Y.G., Zhou, X.F., Zhao, X.S., Lu, G.Q. (2006-04-15). Control of ordered structure and morphology of large-pore periodic mesoporous organosilicas by inorganic salt. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 91 (1-3) : 59-69. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Highly ordered rodlike periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMO) were successfully synthesized using 1,2-bis(trimethoxysilyl)ethane as an precursor and triblock copolymer P123 as a template at low acid concentration and in the presence of inorganic salts (KCl). The role of acid and salt as well as the effects of synthesis temperature and reactant mole ratio in the control of morphology and the formation of ordered mesostructure was systematically examined. It was found that the addition of inorganic salt can dramatically expand the range of the synthesis parameters to produce highly ordered PMO structure and improve the quality of PMO materials. The morphology of PMOs was significantly dependent on the induction time for precipitation. The uniform PMO rods can only be synthesized in a narrow range of acid and salt concentrations. The results also show that the optimized salt concentration (1 M) and low acidity (0.167 M) were beneficial to the formation of not only highly ordered mesostructure but also rodlike morphology. Increasing acidity resulted in fast hydrolysis reaction and short rod or plate-like particles. Highly ordered rod can also be prepared at low temperature (35 °C) with high salt amount (1.5 M) or high temperature (45 °C) with low salt amount (0.5 M). Optimum reactant molar composition at 40 °C is 0.035P123:8KCl:1.34HCl:444H 2O:1.0bis(trimethoxysilyl)ethane. Lower or higher SiO 2/P123 ratio led to the formation of uniform meso-macropores or pore-blocking effect. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials
ISSN: 13871811
DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2005.11.017
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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