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Title: Bifunctional Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 nanoparticles as a luminescent and T1 contrast agent for stem cell labeling
Authors: Shi, Z. 
Neoh, K.G. 
Kang, E.T. 
Shuter, B.
Wang, S.-C.
Keywords: Contrast agent
Gadolinium nanoparticles
Magnetic resonance imaging
Stem cell labeling
Issue Date: Mar-2010
Citation: Shi, Z., Neoh, K.G., Kang, E.T., Shuter, B., Wang, S.-C. (2010-03). Bifunctional Eu3+-doped Gd2O3 nanoparticles as a luminescent and T1 contrast agent for stem cell labeling. Contrast Media and Molecular Imaging 5 (2) : 105-111. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Magnetic resonance tracking of stem cells has recently become an emerging application for investigating cell-tissue interactions and guiding the development of effective stem cell therapies for regeneration of damaged tissues and organs. In this work, anionic Eu3+-doped Gd2O 3 hybrid nanoparticles were applied as a contrast agent both for fluorescence microscopy and T1-weighted MRI. The nanoparticles were synthesized through the polyol method and further modified with citric acid to obtain anionic nanoparticles. These nanoparticles were internalized into human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) as confirmed by confocal laser scanning microscopy and quantified by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. MTT assay of the labeled cells showed that the nanoparticles did not possess significant cytotoxicity. In addition, the osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of the hMSCs was not influenced by the labeling process. With MRI, the in vitro detection threshold of cells after incubation with nanoparticles at a Gd concentration of 0.5mM for 2 h was estimated to be about 10 000 cells. The results from this study indicate that the biocompatible anionic Gd2O3 nanoparticles doped with Eu3+ show promise both as a luminescent and T1 contrast agent for use in visualizing hMSCs. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source Title: Contrast Media and Molecular Imaging
ISSN: 15554309
DOI: 10.1002/cmmi.373
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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