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Title: A versatile and compact experimental apparatus for the on-line spectroscopic study of liquid-phase heterogeneous catalytic systems
Authors: Gao, F.
Ng, K.P.
Li, C.
Krummel, K.I.
Allian, A.D.
Garland, M. 
Keywords: Liquid-phase catalysis
Multiple perturbations
On-line FTIR spectroscopy
Recycle reactor
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2006
Citation: Gao, F., Ng, K.P., Li, C., Krummel, K.I., Allian, A.D., Garland, M. (2006-01-01). A versatile and compact experimental apparatus for the on-line spectroscopic study of liquid-phase heterogeneous catalytic systems. Journal of Catalysis 237 (1) : 49-57. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A versatile and compact experimental system is described for the study of fine-chemistry liquid-phase heterogeneous catalysis. The general experimental system consists of a stirred tank (25-100 mL), pump, tubular reactor, spectrometer(s), and injection block for liquid-phase perturbations, all in a closed-recycling configuration. The basic designs of the in-house-constructed components are provided. The system was characterized with respect to gas-liquid mass transfer, mixing, liquid-solid mass transfer, and intraparticle diffusion. The utility of the system is demonstrated with a heterogeneous catalytic reaction - the racemic hydrogenation of acetophenone over Pt/Al 2O3 - using on-line Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analytics. Liquid-solid mass transfer and intraparticle diffusion were studied by varying the liquid hourly space velocity (LHSV) as well as the catalyst particle sizes used. The reaction rates based on the instantaneous reagent concentrations were precisely evaluated using on-line FTIR measurements. The rather novel inclusion of an injection/sampling block was particularly useful for performing multiple perturbations of reagents, a situation neither normally available nor convenient for the experimentalist, thus facilitating outstanding spectral deconvolution using band-target entropy minimization. The small total liquid-phase volume involved (≈15 ml) would facilitate the frugal use of chiral reagents/auxiliaries as well as isotopically labeled components. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Catalysis
ISSN: 00219517
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2005.09.031
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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