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Title: Concentration dependence of gold nanoshells on the enhancement of optical coherence tomography images: A quantitative study
Authors: James, C.Y.K. 
Tzu, H.C.
Beng, K.N.
Razul, S.G.
Olivo, M. 
Sheppard, C.J.R. 
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2009
Citation: James, C.Y.K., Tzu, H.C., Beng, K.N., Razul, S.G., Olivo, M., Sheppard, C.J.R. (2009-04-01). Concentration dependence of gold nanoshells on the enhancement of optical coherence tomography images: A quantitative study. Applied Optics 48 (10) : D96-D108. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The effective use of gold nanoshells as a contrast agent for optical coherence tomography (OCT) may be hampered by the delivery of a wrong dose to tissue that results in unwanted signal attenuation. In this study we examine how changes in μs due to concentration variations affect the OCT image and then define a dosing range that would result in appropriate scattering coefficient, μs, to maintain an acceptable signal attenuation level. Our results show that an increase in sample μs not only enhances the OCT signal near the surface but also attenuates the signal deeper into the sample. We synthesized gold nanoshells with an 81 nm radius silica core and 23 nm shell thickness and found that a concentration range of 5.6 × 109 < c < 2.3 × 1010 particles/ml provided adequate signal enhancement near the surface without severely compromising the imaging depth due to signal attenuation. We also demonstrate the extraction of μs from the OCT signal to estimate the gold nanoshells' concentration in vivo and verified that the estimated concentration of 6.2 × 109 particles/ml in a mouse tumor after intravenous delivery lies within this concentration range to effectively enhance the tumor image. © 2009 Optical Society of America.
Source Title: Applied Optics
ISSN: 1559128X
DOI: 10.1364/AO.48.000D96
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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