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Title: Cationic star polymers consisting of α-cyclodextrin core and oligoethylenimine arms as nonviral gene delivery vectors
Authors: Yang, C. 
Li, H.
Goh, S.H. 
Li, J. 
Keywords: Cyclodextrin
Gene transfer
Star polymer
Issue Date: Jul-2007
Citation: Yang, C., Li, H., Goh, S.H., Li, J. (2007-07). Cationic star polymers consisting of α-cyclodextrin core and oligoethylenimine arms as nonviral gene delivery vectors. Biomaterials 28 (21) : 3245-3254. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A series of novel cationic star polymers were synthesized by conjugating multiple oligoethylenimine (OEI) arms onto an α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) core as nonviral gene delivery vectors. The molecular structures of the α-CD-OEI star polymers, which contained linear or branched OEI arms with different chain lengths ranging from 1 to 14 ethylenimine units, were characterized by using size exclusion chromatography, 13C and 1H NMR, and elemental analysis. The α-CD-OEI star polymers were studied in terms of their DNA binding capability, formation of nanoparticles with plasmid DNA (pDNA), cytotoxicity, and gene transfection in cultured cells. All the α-CD-OEI star polymers could inhibit the migration of pDNA on agarose gel through formation of complexes with pDNA, and the complexes formed nanoparticles with sizes ranging from 100 to 200 nm at N/P ratios of 8 or higher. The star polymers displayed much lower in vitro cytotoxicity than that of branched polyethylenimine (PEI) of molecular weight 25K. The α-CD-OEI star polymers showed excellent gene transfection efficiency in HEK293 and Cos7 cells. Generally, the transfection efficiency increased with an increase in the OEI arm length. The star polymers with longer and branched OEI arms showed higher transfection efficiency. The best one of the star polymers for gene delivery showed excellent in vitro transfection efficiency that was comparable to or even higher than that of branched PEI (25K). The novel α-CD-OEI star polymers with OEI arms of different chain lengths and chain architectures can be promising new nonviral gene delivery vectors with low cytotoxicity and high gene transfection efficiency for future gene therapy applications. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biomaterials
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2007.03.033
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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