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Title: Highly effective removal of heavy metals by polymer-based zirconium phosphate: A case study of lead ion
Authors: Pan, B.C.
Zhang, Q.R.
Zhang, W.M.
Pan, B.J.
Du, W.
Lv, L. 
Zhang, Q.J.
Xu, Z.W.
Zhang, Q.X.
Keywords: Donnan membrane effect
Heavy metal
Hybrid sorbent
Zirconium phosphate
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2007
Citation: Pan, B.C., Zhang, Q.R., Zhang, W.M., Pan, B.J., Du, W., Lv, L., Zhang, Q.J., Xu, Z.W., Zhang, Q.X. (2007-06-01). Highly effective removal of heavy metals by polymer-based zirconium phosphate: A case study of lead ion. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 310 (1) : 99-105. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Zirconium phosphate (ZrP) has recently been demonstrated as an excellent sorbent for heavy metals due to its high selectivity, high thermal stability, and absolute insolubility in water. However, it cannot be readily adopted in fixed beds or any other flowthrough system due to the excessive pressure drop and poor mechanical strength resulting from its fine submicrometer particle sizes. In the present study a hybrid sorbent, i.e., polymer-supported ZrP, was prepared by dispersing ZrP within a strongly acidic cation exchanger D-001 and used for enhanced lead removal from contaminated waters. D-001 was selected as a host material for sorbent preparation mainly because of the Donnan membrane effect resulting from the nondiffusible negatively charged sulfonic acid group on the exchanger surface, which would enhance permeation of the targeted metal ions. The hybrid sorbent (hereafter denoted ZrP-001) was characterized using a nitrogen adsorption technique, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Lead sorption onto ZrP-001 was found to be pH dependent due to the ion-exchange mechanism, and its sorption kinetics onto ZrP-001 followed the pseudo-first-order model. Compared to D-001, ZrP-001 exhibited more favorable lead sorption particularly in terms of high selectivity, as indicated by its substantially larger distribution coefficients when other competing cations Na+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ coexisted at a high level in solution. Fixed-bed column runs showed that lead sorption on ZrP-001 resulted in a conspicuous decrease of this toxic metal from 40 mg/L to below 0.05 mg/L. By comparison with D-001 and ZrP-CP (ZrP dispersion within a neutrally charged polymer CP), enhanced removal efficiency of ZrP-001 resulted from the Donnan membrane effect of the host material D-001. Moreover, its feasible regeneration by diluted acid solution and negligible ZrP loss during operation also helps ZrP-001 to be a potential candidate for lead removal from water. Thus, all the results suggested that ZrP-001 offers excellent potential for lead removal from contaminated water. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
ISSN: 00219797
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2007.01.064
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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