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Title: Thiol-capped ZnO nanowire/nanotube arrays with tunable magnetic properties at room temperature
Authors: Deng, S.-Z. 
Fan, H.-M. 
Wang, M.
Zheng, M.-R.
Yi, J.-B. 
Wu, R.-Q. 
Tan, H.-R.
Sow, C.-H. 
Ding, J. 
Feng, Y.-P. 
Loh, K.-P. 
Keywords: Magnetic properties
ZnO nanotubes and nanowires
Issue Date: 26-Jan-2010
Citation: Deng, S.-Z., Fan, H.-M., Wang, M., Zheng, M.-R., Yi, J.-B., Wu, R.-Q., Tan, H.-R., Sow, C.-H., Ding, J., Feng, Y.-P., Loh, K.-P. (2010-01-26). Thiol-capped ZnO nanowire/nanotube arrays with tunable magnetic properties at room temperature. ACS Nano 4 (1) : 495-505. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The present study reports room-temperature ferromagnetic behaviors in three-dimensional (3D)- aligned thiol-capped single-crystalline ZnO nanowire (NW) and nanotube (NT) arrays as well as polycrystalline ZnO NT arrays. Besides the observation of height-dependent saturation magnetization, a much higher Ms of 166 μemu cm -2 has been found in NTs compared to NWs (36 μemu cm -2) due to larger surface area in ZnO NTs, indicating morphology-dependent magnetic properties in ZnO NW/NT systems. Density functional calculations have revealed that the origin of ferromagnetism is mainly attributed to spin-polarized 3p electrons in S sites and, therefore, has a strong correlation with Zn-S bond anisotropy. The preferential magnetization direction of both single-crystalline NTs and NWs lies perpendicular to the tube/wire axis due to the aligned high anisotropy orientation of the Zn-S bonds on the lateral (100) face of ZnO NWs and NTs. Polycrystalline ZnO NTs, however, exhibit a preferential magnetization direction parallel to the tube axis which is ascribed to shape anisotropy dominating the magnetic response. Our results demonstrate the interplay of morphology, dimensions, and crystallinity on spin alignment and magnetic anisotropy in a 3D semiconductor nanosystem with interfacial magnetism. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Source Title: ACS Nano
ISSN: 19360851
DOI: 10.1021/nn901353x
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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