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Title: Random nanowires of nickel doped TiO2 with high surface area and electron mobility for high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells
Authors: Archana, P.S. 
Naveen Kumar, E.
Vijila, C.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Yusoff, M.M.
Jose, R.
Issue Date: 28-Jan-2013
Citation: Archana, P.S., Naveen Kumar, E., Vijila, C., Ramakrishna, S., Yusoff, M.M., Jose, R. (2013-01-28). Random nanowires of nickel doped TiO2 with high surface area and electron mobility for high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells. Dalton Transactions 42 (4) : 1024-1032. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Mesoporous TiO2 with a large specific surface area (∼150 m2 g-1) is the most successful material in dye-sensitized solar cells so far; however, its inferior charge mobility is a major efficiency limiter. This paper demonstrates that random nanowires of Ni-doped TiO 2 (Ni:TiO2) have a dramatic influence on the particulate and charge transport properties. Nanowires (dia ∼60 nm) of Ni:TiO 2 with a specific surface area of ∼80 m2 g -1 were developed by an electrospinning technique. The band gap of the Ni:TiO2 shifted to the visible region upon doping of 5 at% Ni atoms. The Mott-Schottky analysis shows that the flat band potential of Ni:TiO2 shifts to a more negative value than the undoped samples. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurements showed that the Ni:TiO2 offer lower charge transport resistance, higher charge recombination resistance, and enhanced electron lifetime compared to the undoped samples. The dye-sensitized solar cells fabricated using the Ni:TiO2 nanowires showed an enhanced photoconversion efficiency and short-circuit current density compared to the undoped analogue. The transient photocurrent measurements showed that the Ni:TiO2 has improved charge mobility compared with TiO2 and is several orders of magnitude higher compared to the P25 particles. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013.
Source Title: Dalton Transactions
ISSN: 14779226
DOI: 10.1039/c2dt31775c
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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