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Title: Parallelized FVM algorithm for three-dimensional viscoelastic flows
Authors: Dou, H.-S. 
Phan-Thien, N. 
Keywords: Finite volume method
Parallel computation
Viscoelastic flow
Issue Date: Mar-2003
Citation: Dou, H.-S., Phan-Thien, N. (2003-03). Parallelized FVM algorithm for three-dimensional viscoelastic flows. Computational Mechanics 30 (4) : 265-280. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A parallel implementation for the finite volume method (FVM) for three-dimensional (3D) viscoelastic flows is developed on a distributed computing environment through Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM). The numerical procedure is based on the SIMPLEST algorithm using a staggered FVM discretization in Cartesian coordinates. The final discretized algebraic equations are solved with the TDMA method. The parallelisation of the program is implemented by a domain decomposition strategy, with a master/slave style programming paradigm, and a message passing through PVM. A load balancing strategy is proposed to reduce the communications between processors. The three-dimensional viscoelastic flow in a rectangular duct is computed with this program. The modified Phan-Thien-Tanner (MPTT) constitutive model is employed for the equation system closure. Computing results are validated on the secondary flow problem due to non-zero second normal stress difference N2. Three sets of meshes are used, and the effect of domain decomposition strategies on the performance is discussed. It is found that parallel efficiency is strongly dependent on the grid size and the number of processors for a given block number. The convergence rate as well as the total efficiency of domain decomposition depends upon the flow problem and the boundary conditions. The parallel efficiency increases with increasing problem size for given block number. Comparing to two-dimensional flow problems, 3D parallelized algorithm has a lower efficiency owing to largely overlapped block interfaces, but the parallel algorithm is indeed a powerful means for large scale flow simulations.
Source Title: Computational Mechanics
ISSN: 01787675
DOI: 10.1007/s00466-002-0385-0
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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