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Title: Numerical simulation of turbulent flow through series stenoses
Authors: Lee, T.S. 
Liao, W. 
Low, H.T. 
Keywords: Numerical modelling
Series stenoses
Issue Date: 10-Jul-2003
Citation: Lee, T.S., Liao, W., Low, H.T. (2003-07-10). Numerical simulation of turbulent flow through series stenoses. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 42 (7) : 717-740. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The flow fields in the neighbourhoods of series vascular stenoses are studied numerically for the Reynolds numbers from 100 to 4000, diameter constriction ratios of 0.2-0.6 and spacing ratios of 1, 2, 3, 4 and ∞. In this study, it has been further verified that in the laminar flow region, the numerical predictions by k - ω turbulence model matched those by the laminar-flow modelling very well. This suggests that the k - ω turbulence model is capable of the prediction of the laminar flow as well as the prediction of the turbulent stenotic flow with good accuracy. The extent of the spreading of the recirculation region from the first stenosis and its effects on the flow field downstream of the second stenosis depend on the stenosis spacing ratio, constriction ratio and the Reynolds number. For c1 =0.5 with c2 ≤ c1, the peak value of wall vorticity generated by the second stenosis is always less than that generated by the first stenosis. However, the maximum centreline velocity and turbulence intensity at the second stenosis are higher than those at the first stenosis. In contrast, for c1 = 0.5 with c2 = 0.6, the maximum values at the second stenosis are much higher than those at the first stenosis whether for centreline velocity and turbulence intensity or for wall vorticity. The peak values of the wall vorticity and the centreline disturbance intensity both grow up with the Reynolds number increasing. The present study shows that the more stenoses can result in a lower critical Reynolds number that means an earlier occurence of turbulence for the stenotic flows. © 2003 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
Source Title: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
ISSN: 02712091
DOI: 10.1002/fld.550
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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