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Title: Modified Bilston nonlinear viscoelastic model for finite element head injury studies
Authors: Shen, F. 
Tay, T.E. 
Li, J.Z. 
Nigen, S. 
Lee, P.V.S.
Chan, H.K.
Keywords: Finite element simulation
Impact biomechanics
Material properties
Rheological test
Traumatic brain injury
Issue Date: Oct-2006
Citation: Shen, F., Tay, T.E., Li, J.Z., Nigen, S., Lee, P.V.S., Chan, H.K. (2006-10). Modified Bilston nonlinear viscoelastic model for finite element head injury studies. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 128 (5) : 797-801. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This paper proposes a modified nonlinear viscoelastic Bilston model (Bilston et al., 2001, Biorheol, 38, pp. 335-345). for the modeling of brain tissue constitutive properties. The modified model can be readily implemented in a commercial explicit finite element (FE) code, PamCrash. Critical parameters of the model have been determined through a series of rheological tests on porcine brain tissue samples and the time-temperature superposition (TTS) principle has been used to extend the frequency to a high region. Simulations by using PamCrash are compared with the test results. Through the use of the TTS principle, the mechanical and rheological behavior at high frequencies up to 104 rad/s may be obtained. This is important because the properties of the brain tissue at high frequencies and impact rates are especially relevant to studies of traumatic head injury. The averaged dynamic modulus ranges from 130 Pa to 1500 Pa and loss modulus ranges from 35 Pa to 800 Pa in the frequency regime studied (0.01 rad/s to 3700 rad/s). The errors between theoretical predictions and averaged relaxation test results are within 20% for strains up to 20%. The FEM simulation results are in good agreement with experimental results. The proposed model will be especially useful for application to FE analysis of the head under impact loads. More realistic analysis of head injury can be carried out by incorporating the nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive law for brain tissue into a commercial FE code. Copyright © 2006 by ASME.
Source Title: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
ISSN: 01480731
DOI: 10.1115/1.2264393
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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