Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1039/c003630g
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dc.titleMesoporous TiO2 with high packing density for superior lithium storage
dc.contributor.authorSaravanan, K.
dc.contributor.authorAnanthanarayanan, K.
dc.contributor.authorBalaya, P.
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-07T09:07:33Z
dc.date.available2014-10-07T09:07:33Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationSaravanan, K., Ananthanarayanan, K., Balaya, P. (2010). Mesoporous TiO2 with high packing density for superior lithium storage. Energy and Environmental Science 3 (7) : 939-948. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1039/c003630g
dc.identifier.issn17545692
dc.identifier.urihttp://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/85397
dc.description.abstractMicrometre-sized mesoporous materials have characteristic grains as well as pores nearly in the same scale. Electrodes of mesoporous materials for lithium batteries have short transport lengths for Li+ ions due to their nano-sized grains (10-20 nm), and easy access for electrolytes due to their nanopores (5-10 nm). Such mesoporous materials have high packing densities unlike nanopowders, nanowires, nanorods and nanotubes. Despite such advantages, electronic conduction over micrometre-sized particles limits the rate performance of mesporous materials. Occasionally counductive thin layers (2-5 nm) of carbon or RuO2 have been used to overcome such kinetic limitations and to achieve high storage performances. In this manuscript, we present a simple approach for the synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 anatase using a soft-template method, which shows superior storage performance without such conductive surface layers. Various cationic surfactants with different chain lengths have been selected for this investigation to assist the formation of the mesoporous TiO2 structure. Among these, cetyl trimethylammoniumbromide templated C16-TiO2 has the highest surface area of 135 m2 g-1 and reversible capacity of 288, 220, 138,134 and 107 mAh g-1 at 0.2, 1, 5, 10 and 30C respectively. The storage performance of the as-synthesized mesoporous TiO2 is nearly five times better than the commercially available TiO2 nanopowder. The packing density of meso-TiO2 is found to be 6.6 times higher than the TiO2 nanopowder. In addition, battery testing using mesoporous TiO2 electrodes without the 15% carbon additive exhibits nearly the same performance at low rate as the meso-TiO2 with carbon additives. These exciting results suggest a facile conduction path for electrons, a unique character of micrometre-sized mesoporous TiO2 with highly interconnected nanograins of 15-20 nm. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010.
dc.description.urihttp://libproxy1.nus.edu.sg/login?url=http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c003630g
dc.sourceScopus
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentSOLAR ENERGY RESEARCH INST OF S'PORE
dc.contributor.departmentMECHANICAL ENGINEERING
dc.description.doi10.1039/c003630g
dc.description.sourcetitleEnergy and Environmental Science
dc.description.volume3
dc.description.issue7
dc.description.page939-948
dc.identifier.isiut000279322800008
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