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Title: Machinability study of tungsten carbide using PCD tools under ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting
Authors: Nath, C.
Rahman, M. 
Neo, K.S. 
Keywords: Machinability
PCD tools
Speed ratio
Surface finish
Tungsten carbide
Ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting
Issue Date: Nov-2009
Citation: Nath, C., Rahman, M., Neo, K.S. (2009-11). Machinability study of tungsten carbide using PCD tools under ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture 49 (14) : 1089-1095. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Sintered tungsten carbide (WC) is an extremely hard and brittle material extensively used in tool manufacturing industries. However, the current cutting technologies for shaping this typical hard-to-machine material are still cost ineffective. In this study, polycrystalline diamond (PCD) tools are used to study the machinability of sintered WC (~15% Co) by applying the ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting (UEVC) technique. Firstly, it presents the UEVC principle and the effects of speed ratio (i.e. the ratio of the nominal cutting speed to the maximum tool vibration speed in the cutting direction) on the tool-workpiece relative motion as the cutting speed greatly influences the UEVC performance. Then UEVC experiments are carried out to analyze the cutting force, tool-wear progression, chip formation and surface quality against the cutting time at different speed ratios. The results show that when the speed ratio decreases, the resultant cutting force and the tool flank wear decrease while the surface finish improves. Average surface roughness, Ra, in a range between 0.030 and 0.050 μm is achieved at speed ratios less than 0.107. The experimental findings suggest that the commercial PCD tools can be used to machine sintered WC to achieve ultraprecision surface by applying the UEVC technique, which will be cost effective for miniature cutting technologies in future. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
ISSN: 08906955
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2009.07.006
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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