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Title: Electrospun α-Fe 2O 3 nanorods as a stable, high capacity anode material for Li-ion batteries
Authors: Cherian, C.T.
Sundaramurthy, J.
Kalaivani, M.
Ragupathy, P.
Kumar, P.S.
Thavasi, V. 
Reddy, M.V. 
Sow, C.H. 
Mhaisalkar, S.G.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Chowdari, B.V.R. 
Issue Date: 28-Jun-2012
Citation: Cherian, C.T., Sundaramurthy, J., Kalaivani, M., Ragupathy, P., Kumar, P.S., Thavasi, V., Reddy, M.V., Sow, C.H., Mhaisalkar, S.G., Ramakrishna, S., Chowdari, B.V.R. (2012-06-28). Electrospun α-Fe 2O 3 nanorods as a stable, high capacity anode material for Li-ion batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry 22 (24) : 12198-12204. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: α-Fe 2O 3 nanorods are synthesized by electrospinning of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/ferric acetyl acetonate (Fe(acac) 3) composite precursors and subsequent annealing at 500 °C for 5 h. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy analyses confirm the formation of a hematite structure as the predominant phase. The electron microscopy studies show that the electrospun α-Fe 2O 3 nanorods are composed of agglomerates of nano-sized particles and the average diameter of the nanorods is found to be 150 nm. Li-storage and cycling properties are examined by galvanostatic cycling in the voltage range 0.005-3 V vs. Li at various current densities and it is complemented by cyclic voltammetry. The electrospun α-Fe 2O 3 nanorods exhibit a high reversible capacity of 1095 mA h g -1 at 0.05 C, are stable up to 50 cycles and also show high rate capability, up to 2.5 C. The high rate capability and excellent cycling stability can be attributed to the unique morphology of the macroporous nanorods comprised of inter-connected nano-sized particles, thus making electrospun α-Fe 2O 3 a promising anode material for Li-ion batteries. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry
ISSN: 09599428
DOI: 10.1039/c2jm31053h
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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