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Title: A rationally designed dual role anode material for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries: Case study of eco-friendly Fe3O4
Authors: Hariharan, S.
Saravanan, K. 
Ramar, V.
Balaya, P. 
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2013
Citation: Hariharan, S., Saravanan, K., Ramar, V., Balaya, P. (2013-02-28). A rationally designed dual role anode material for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries: Case study of eco-friendly Fe3O4. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 15 (8) : 2945-2953. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Identifying dual role electrode materials capable of storing both lithium and sodium are thought to be highly relevant, as these materials could find potential applications simultaneously in lithium and sodium ion batteries. In this regard, the concept of dual alkali storage is demonstrated in Fe 3O4 anode material undergoing conversion reaction. To enable improved storage, a rational active material and electrode design is proposed. Accordingly, the following features were simultaneously incorporated into the design: (i) an optimal particle size, (ii) a conducting matrix, (iii) adequately large active material surface area and (iv) strong electrode material-current collector integrity. Electrodes incorporating this rational design exhibit excellent high rate performance and impressive cyclability during lithium storage. For instance, Fe3O4 electrodes deliver a charge capacity of 950 mAh g-1 at 1.2 C (∼2.6 times higher than graphite and 5.4 times higher than Li4Ti5O12). Further, these electrodes show no signs of capacity fade even up to 1100 cycles. Impressively, the cells could also be charged-discharged to 65% of their theoretical capacity in just 5 min or 12 C (11.11 A g-1). The rate performance and cyclability of lithium storage achieved here are amongst the highest reported values in the literature for the conversion reaction in Fe 3O4. Besides lithium storage, the dual role of this anode is shown by demonstrating its sodium storage ability by conversion reaction for the first time.© 2013 the Owner Societies.
Source Title: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
ISSN: 14639076
DOI: 10.1039/c2cp44572g
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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